Critical Pedagogy: Notes from the Real World (4e) : 9780137028733

Critical Pedagogy: Notes from the Real World (4e)

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Pearson Higher Ed USA
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This text is an accessible analysis of critical pedagogy that articulates multiple ways of applying its principles in various contexts.

Critical Pedagogy, Fourth Edition, offers thoughtful examination of the theoretical models of critical pedagogy in an engaging, understandable writing style. In this edition, the author maintains the strengths of a clear, engaging writing style with first-person narrative and lucid explanations of key concepts, which makes critical pedagogy more meaningful for students to learn and instructors to teach. This powerful and accessible analysis of the often difficult rhetoric of critical pedagogy argues that critical pedagogy opens the door to a broader and deeper perspective on teaching and learning in the classroom and the community. The text strongly encourages teachers to continuously adapt teaching beliefs and strategies to meet the needs of today's classrooms. The ongoing cultural critique, which links the chapters, challenges readers to think more deeply.
Table of contents




              1     Why in The World Does Critical Pedagogy Matter?

The Lesson of Dayna: One Size Does Not Fit All

Three Perspectives on Pedagogy: The Artist’s Notes

Critical Pedagogy: What in the World Do I Think It Is?      

How I Came To These Understandings

My Journey: First, Spanish; Next, Bilingual; Finally, Critical Pedagogy

The Word Universe

History Helps: Three Perspectives

Transmission Model

Generative Model

Transformative Model

Transmission to Transformative and Example


The World Is Changing Faster and Faster

M.Greene and More

New Resources

Banks and Social Action

The Benson Kids: Teaching is Learning

Learn, Relearn, and Unlearn Your Way to Critical Pedagogy

The Reflective Cycle, An Overview: More Learning, Relearning, and Unlearning

 The Reflective Cycle and You  



              2     What in The World Is Critical Pedagogy?

 A Word About Language

Dawn Does Critical Pedagogy

Le Does Critical Pedagogy

What’s In A Name?


Generative Definitions

Language of Possibility, Language of Critique

Vygotsky: Reaching Back to Move Forward    

Word by Word   

Banking Model of Education    


Carmen Has It    

Rainey Doesn’t–Well, Didn’t    



Cultural Capital    





Hidden Curriculum    


Critical Literacy: Reading the Word and the World    

Orate and Literate Communities    



CARMA, Critical Action Research Matrix Application

Problem Posing    

To Groom    

To Name    

To Marginalize    

Schooling, or to School    

To Silence 

To Socialize    


I Have Eaten More Rice

Reflective Cycle



              3     Where in The World Did Critical Pedagogy Come From?

The Tree Continues to Grow

Why Socrates?

Why Plato?

Why Aristotle?

Why Vygotsky?

The Latin Voice   

Freire: The Foundation    

Freire’s Voice: A Transcription of an Audiotape    

The European Voice    



The Frankfurt School of Critical Theory    

Tove Skutnabb-Kangas    

The Eastern Voice    

Reflections from the East    

Peace Education    

The North American Voice    








A Few (more) Good Women

A Few Good Men

The African American Voice: Group Solidarity

The Perspective from Down Under

The Historical Evolution of Critical Pedagogy    

The Benson Kids Again   

Reflective Cycle



              4     How in The World Do You Do Critical Pedagogy?

Thinking about Practice    

Carla: Reflecting on Her Practice    

Democratic Pedagogy    

Praxis: Linking Theory and Practice

Two Perspectives

So How Do You Do Critical Pedagogy?    

Problem Posing: Jonathan and Wyatt, Examples from the Community    

Problem Posing: Miss Johnson, an Example from Secondary Schools    

Principles of Problem Posing    

The Teacher’s Role in Problem Posing    

Problem Posing: Stephanie, an Example from the Primary Grades    

Problem Posing: Codification   

Problem Posing: Reggie, an Example from Postsecondary    

Homerun Reading

The Essence Is in the Experience    


How to Do It    

The Experience    

Pair Share    

How to Do It    

The Experience    

Dialogue Journal    

How to Do It    

The Experience    

Bloom’s Taxonomies    

How to Do It    

The Experience    

Teaching and Learning in the Desert    

Four Corners    

How to Do It    

The Experience    

The Messenger and the Scribe    

How to Do It    

The Experience    


How to Do It    

The Experience    

Problem-Posing Activity: Literacy    

How to Do It    

The Experience    

To Name    

To Reflect Critically    

To Act    

The Mess    

Mayida and the Mess    

NCLB Calls Us to the Mess    

The Proof Is in the Pudding    

The Principal: Doing Critical Pedagogy 

Talking the Talk in the University

Library Mapping

Reflective Cycle



              5     Where in The World Do We Go From Here

Who Are The Students?

Burke’s Generational Chart: Boomers, Gen X, and Gen Y

Students of the Twenty-First Century

Advocacy and Action

The Virtual Present and Future

From Critical Literacy to Multiliteracies

The Pedagogy of a Caring Heart and Critical Eyes    

A Caring Heart    

A Critical Eye    

Pedagogy of Courage and Patience    

Time, Time, Time    

From Buttercup to Power   

Teachers Taught Me, Too   

What Teachers Taught Me

Models of Parental Involvement    

Family Involvement or Family Engagement

Gintell Does Critical Pedagogy

Family Graph    

Putting the Home Back in Homework 

Reflection to Action   

School Families    

Now, Here Is the Point    

To Make a Difference    


What I Can Do   

Your Final Reflection  

Note    180



New to this edition
  • NEW! Condensed chapters–from 8 to 5– with greater attention to an expanded view of identity, new scholars, and emerging ideas, encourages readers to reflect deeply as they read.  
  • NEW! An expanded view of identity, including sexual orientation, queer theories, ableism, revolutionary theories, and imperialism, provides a broader, deeper perspective, more inclusive of all groups fighting for social justice (Chapter 2).
  • NEW! The final chapter provides an action plan for how readers can move into advocacy and activism (Chapter 5).
  • NEW! Highlights new and emerging critical theorists who are making contributions in the field of critical pedagogy, as well as past theorists, connecting with all generations of teachers (Chapter 3).
  • NEW! Includes a comprehensive chart of the similarities/differences among Gen X, Gen Y, and Boomers, so readers of all ages can connect to their historic worldview, including pre-service students (Chapter 5).
Features & benefits
  • Provides a myriad of classroom vignettes derived from the author's teaching experiences that link theory to practice.
  • Preface and Introduction explain the fundamental concept of critical pedagogy and include answers to typical questions and issues raised by the reader.
  • The graphic of transmission, generative, and transformative pedagogy begins the book, setting the tone for the entire text and  providing a holistic perspective.
  • Chapter 2 includes definitions and cognitive connections in discussing the theories of Vygotsky and the real classroom applications of his theories.
  • Chapter 1 includes the story of Jonathan and shares new experiences related to critical pedagogy.
  • Includes an expanded bibliography, encouraging students to further explore the research in the area of critical pedagogy.
  • Shows the impact on learning of racism, discrimination, teacher expectations, ethnicity, language and learning through the lens of critical pedagogy.
Author biography
Joan Wink is a professor emerita at California State University, Stanislaus. She lives primarily on the family ranch in South Dakota, but still maintains an active academic life: teaching, consulting, and writing.  Her other books include A Vision of Vygotsky (2002), co-authored with Le Putney of UNLV, and Teaching Passionately: What’s Love Got To Do With It? (2004), co-authored with her daughter, Dawn Wink of Santa Fe Community College.